Holy crap! A two-hour video breakdown of every judo nage-waza (throwing technique) in the gokyo no waza and shimmeisho no waza. 68 judo takedowns in all! And it was put together by the Kodokan Judo Institute, the International Judo Federation (IJF), and the All Japan Judo Federation so it’s the real thing. It was passed on to me by one of my longtime Dynamic MMA training partners, who Twitter types may know as JiuJitsuDude.
Note: Since I posted this article, the video that it was based on has been removed because of copyright infringement. I’m looking for a new source of the video.
A Two-Hour Journey into Judo Nage-waza (Throwing Techniques)
Almost everyone has seen the classic judo throws like ippon seoinage (shoulder throw), ogoshi (hip throw), tomoenage (Captain Kirk), morote gari (double leg), ura nage (suplex), and koshi guruma (head and arm throw), even if they don’t know the name. But this video goes deep – 68 throws is a lot of ways to put your opponent onto their back. And they’re all shown in detail.
We all know about the historical and technical connection between Brazilian jiu-jitsu and judo, so this video should be of interest to any avid BJJ student. For those of you who’ve read Dave Camarillo’s Guerrilla Jiu-Jitsu book, this video makes a perfect complement.
It starts with a quick history (~2 minutes) of how Kodokan judo was put together by Jigoro Kano and then gets right down to business, moving systematically through the judo syllabus from te-waza (hand throwing techniques), to koshi-waza (hip throwing techniques, to my favourites – ashi-waza (leg throwing techniques), to the ma-sutemi-waza (back sacrifice throws), and finally to the yoko-sutemi-waza (side sacrifice throws). They even demonstrate two throwing techniques that are prohibited in judo competition (but which are both legal in Brazilian jiu-jitsu competition, as far as I know).
Judo Throws Used in Combination and as Counterattacks
This is not just a video of two judokas rehearsing Kodokan judo’s nage-no-kata, with each judo throw being shown in its traditional form. Each throwing technique is also shown with multiple variations, from different angles, and with freeze-frame close ups to highlight specific technical details. Many of throws are also shown in a form that works as a follow-up to your initial attack, or as a counter to your opponent’s entry.
Classical Judo Throws Modified for Competition
Most of the techniques are also accompanied by footage from international judo competition to show how judo throws work at high levels against world-class opponents who are trying their hardest not to be thrown. This is a vital addition because the competition-effective version of a judo throw usually looks very different from the classical form.
At one hour and 50 minutes, this is almost absurdly long for a Youtube video, but it’s worth the time. And just because I’m a nice guy, I’ve time logged the video so that you can easily find the throws you want to see. There are some gems to look out for here too, particularly the grainy footage of judo originals Jigoro Kano and Kyuzo Mifune demonstrating their favourite throws.
Te-waza (hand throwing techniques)
Judo throws where the arms provide the primary force.
- 2:35 Seoi-nage – shoulder throw
3:58 Ippon-seoi-nage – one-point shoulder throw
5:58 Seoi-otoshi – shoulder drop
7:32 Tai-otoshi – body drop
10:17 Kataguruma – shoulder wheel (fireman’s carry)
12:33 Uki-otoshi – floating drop (demonstrated by Kyuzo Mifune)
14:03 Sumi-otoshi – corner drop
16:02 Sukui-nage / te-guruma – scooping throw / hand wheel
18:11 Obi-otoshi – belt drop
19:08 Morote-gari – two-hand reap (double-leg takedown)
20:51 Kuchiki-taoishi – one-hand drop
23:39 Kibisu-gaeshi – heel trip
26:22 Kouchi-gaeshi – small inside trip counter
27:55 Uchimata-sukashi – inner thigh reaping throw slip
29:34 Yama-arashi – mountain storm (judo legend Shiro Saigo’s “hammer” so to speak)
31:13 Obi-tori-gaeshi – belt grab counter
Koshi-waza (hip throwing techniques)
Judo throwing techniques where the hips act as the fulcrum of the throw.
- 32:07 Ogoshi – big hip
- 33:46 Uki-goshi – floating hip (demonstrated by Jigoro Kano)
- 35:10 Tsuri-goshi – lifting hip
- 36:10 Tsuri-komi-goshi – lifting pulling hip
- 37:34 Sode-tsuri-komi-goshi – sleeve lifting pulling hip
- 39:39 Koshi-guruma – Hip wheel (head and arm throw)
- 40:40 Harai-goshi – swinging hip
- 42:26 Hane-goshi – springing hip
- 44:15 Utsuri-goshi – hip shift
- 45:30 Ushiro-goshi – back hip
Ashi-waza (foot throwing techniques)
Judo takedowns where the feet and legs are used as the main weapon.
- 47:25 Hiza-guruma – knee wheel
- 48:41 Sasae-tsuri-komi-ashi – supporting lifting pulling foot
- 50:35 Harai-tsuri-komi-ashi – sweeping lifting pulling foot
- 52:37 Deashi-harai – advancing foot sweep
- 54:37 Okuri-ashi-harai – sliding foot sweep
- 56:02 Tsubame-gaeshi – swallow counter
- 57:00 Kosoto-gari – small outside reap
- 58:12 Kosoto-gake – small outside hook
- 1:00:36 Osoto-gari – large outside reap
- 1:02:41 Osoto-otoshi – large outside drop
- 1:04:02 Osoto-guruma – large outside wheel
- 1:05:10 Osoto-gaeshi – large outside counter
- 1:06:41 Oguruma – large wheel – (demonstrated by Kyuzo Mifune)
- 1:07:38 Ashi-guruma – foot wheel
- 1:08:53 Uchimata – inner thigh reap
- 1:11:43 Uchimata-gaeshi – inner thigh reap counter
- 1:12:15 Ouchi-gari – large inside reap
- 1:14:08 Ouchi-gaeshi – large inside counter
- 1:16:19 Kouchi-gari – small inside reap
- 1:18:13 Hane-goshi-gaeshi – springing hip counter
- 1:19:22 Harai-goshi-gaeshi – swinging hip counter
Ma-sutemi-waza (back sacrifice throwing techniques)
Throws where tori lands on his/her back in the process of throwing uke.
- 1:20:46 Tomoe-nage – circle throw
- 1:22:39 Ura-nage – back throw (suplex)
- 1:24:28 Sumi-gaeshi – corner counter
- 1:25:59 Hikikomi-gaeshi – pulling in counter
- 1:27:25 Tawara-gaeshi – bale counter
Yoko-sutemi-waza (side sacrifice throwing techniques)
Takedowns where the thrower lands on their side.
- 1:28:30 Uki-waza – floating throw
- 1:30:18 Yoko-otoshi – side drop
- 1:31:12 Tani-otoshi – valley drop
- 1:33:47 Yoko-wakare – side separation
- 1:34:56 Yoko-gake – side hook
- 1:35:56 Daki-wakare – high separation
- 1:36:56 Yoko-guruma – side wheel
- 1:38:02 Soto-makikomi – outer wraparound
- 1:39:47 Uchi-makikomi – inner wraparound
- 1:41:26 Hane-makikomi – springing wraparound
- 1:42:38 Harai-makikomi – swinging wraparound
- 1:44:18 Kouchi-makikomi – small inside wraparound
- 1:45:15 Uchimata-makikomi – inside thigh wraparound
- 1:46:44 Osoto-makikomi – large outside wraparound
Prohibited throwing techniques
These throws have been removed from judo competition because they both present a greater risk of injuring your opponent.
- 1:48:22 Kani-basami – crab scissors
- 1:49:00 Kawazu-gake – one leg entanglement
Building a Judo Takedown Game = Long-Term Project
Don’t be overwhelmed by all of this; 68 throws is way more than you need to know unless you’re planning to test for your judo black belt. Even the best international competitors stick to a handful of throws, so follow their example. Pick a few throws that work for your physical attributes (ie. shorter, stocky people often develop strong koshi-waza) and learn them inside out. Learn some throwing techniques that complement your primary throws (ie. uchimata is an excellent follow-up for ouchigari). Keep building forever by continually honing your core throws and learning new ones as needed to fill holes.